The Association for Latin Teaching

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Imperium Latin – free of charge to all

I have just made Books 1, 2 and 3 of my Imperium Latin course available free of charge to all via TES Resources, in the form of downloadable pdf files. I have done this so that:

i) more teachers and students will become aware of Imperium Latin, which is already attracting some very positive reactions in a wide variety of schools.

ii) these materials will help schools and individuals whose budgetary pressures are making it difficult to learn and teach Latin, especially those who find it hard to find money to buy books and startup resources.

iii) using Imperium will help with recruitment to Latin and to classical studies generally, especially as it moves so quickly and adds so much humour to the process.

The link for downloading the pdf files can be found here:

Here you will also find translations of four Greek plays, which have also been posted there to be downloaded free of charge.

All of these files are restricted against copying and pasting but in other ways, their use is governed by the Creative Commons NoDerivatives licensing system, which says that if you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.

Some background for those who are new to Imperium...

I started work on Imperium Latin in 2007 and it is now in use in around 30-40 schools, some in the UK, some in the rest of Europe and a few in the USA. It has had a couple of terrific reviews from the American Classical League and JACT. The course follows the life of the Emperor Hadrian, an intellectual of the first rank, an architect without parallel and a traveller who made many fascinating journeys across the empire. The story becomes a potent mix when you throw in his dubious relationship with Trajan, a wife who hated him, the dark business of Antinous and his strange and obsessional behaviour in later life.

Imperium Latin was written to be delivered via screens, using data projectors or smartboards. Early on, I hit on a box-based approach, which has proved very successful in classes. No single exercise in the course ever spills over beyond one page, and no page has more than 10 boxes in any exercise.

The linguistic sequence was designed to rely on the present tense for as long as possible, a technique which has been found successful by many modern language teachers. The hardest clauses and constructions are kept back until later, so the exercises remain accessible. Imperium is rigorous and includes exercises of English into Latin in every chapter, though there is often an overlap between the Latin to English and English to Latin, which makes it possible to lift some of the answers, as well as a full set of MP3 exercises, which can equip either student or teacher to prepare for a class.

When there is something to laugh about, learning often becomes more motivational and it is a central pillar of the course that the material shouldn’t take itself too seriously. Books 1 and 2 are filled with my own jokes, whereas in Book 3, the focus shifts onto Latin witticisms, through a collection of more than 50 poems of Martial.

In addition to the books, the Imperium Word Tools App is a unique system which supports the Latin to English exercises. It draws on the models of open-ended systems such as Perseus and Nodictionaries but is carefully matched to this course and the needs of its students. It runs on Mac, PC, Linux, Android and iOS devices, so it is a complete solution for use at home as well as in the classroom.

All the printed books can be bought via Amazon (simply enter Imperium Latin), and the Apps can be bought from the App Store, Google Play, or the project’s website. It should be noted that for schools wanting to implement the course, the Site Support Pack should be regarded as a basic essential. This includes printable pdf files of all the materials, the Apps for Mac and PC, lots of teaching notes and details, MP3 files, correct answers, tests, unseens, and lots more besides.

In addition to three main coursebooks the Imperium Latin Grammar and Syntax Guide has been designed for use by any student of Latin. There is also a second range of resources called Imperium Latin Unseens, designed for more advanced students. This includes a book, MP3 files and the Imperium Unseen Tools App, as well as a Site Support Pack.

If you want to know more, please visit:  and/or email:

Julian Morgan


Tel: 07817 859428

Facebook: /aodtheatre

Twitter: @aodtheatre

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CA online teaching resources

In response to increasing demand for online resources to support home learning during lock-down, the Classical Association has expanded its Guide to Online Teaching Resources.  The Classical Association is a member of the UK Council for Subject Associations, which has launched a Directory of its members, listing the kind of professional help and resources which Subject Associations including the CA, can provide to teachers, parents, and learners.


We have also been making classics teaching resources available to BBC Bitesize since it went live on 20 April.

 I attach a media briefing with details of the Subject Associations’ directory launch.  Please circulate this across your networks so we can give classics teaching support the widest possible coverage and bring it to the attention of those seeking additional support.

 Jill Durham


Classical Association

Cardinal Point

Park Road


Hertfordshire WD3 1RE

 Tel: +44 (0)7926 632598


 The Classical Association is a registered charity No. 313371

The Bavarian Commentary and Ovid: Clm 4610, The Earliest Documented Commentary on the Metamorphoses by Robin Wahlsten Böckerman.


About the Book


The Bavarian Commentary and Ovid is the first complete critical edition and translation of the earliest preserved commentary on Ovid’s Metamorphoses.

Today, Ovid’s famous work is one of the touchstones of ancient literature, but we have only a handful of scraps and quotations to show how the earliest medieval readers received and discussed the poems—until the Munich Bayerische Staatsbibliothek clm 4610. This commentary, which dates from around the year 1100 is the first systematic study of the Metamorphoses, founding a tradition of scholarly study that extends to the present day.

Despite its significance, this medieval commentary has never before been published or analysed as a whole. Böckerman’s groundbreaking work includes a critical edition of the entire manuscript, together with a lucid English translation and a rigorous and stimulating introduction, which sets the work in its historical, geographical and linguistic contexts with precision and clarity while offering a rigorous analysis of its form and function.

The Bavarian Commentary and Ovid is essential reading for academics concerned with the reception of Ovid or that of other ancient authors. It will also be of great interest for Classical scholars, those investigating medieval commentaries and media history, and for anyone intrigued to know more about how the work of Ovid has echoed through history.


This title is freely available to read and download in PDF format. If your institution is a member of our library scheme, you are also entitled to discounts on paperback and hardback copies.

We would be delighted if you were interested in this book and in sharing the news with your students and/or colleagues so please, do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions or if you would like to receive any further information.


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