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A.R.L.T. Summer School, Winchester, 1981
On a hot and hazy Monday at the beginning of the summer holiday some 45 Classics Teachers from all parts of the country converged upon King Alfred's College in the ancient city of Winchester to participate in the 58th A.R.L.T. Summer School. Having attended such a Summer School for the first time in the summer of 1980 and having found the experience both enjoyable and profitable I looked forward to this year's events with interest and enthusiasm and I was not disappointed.
So varied and wide-
Nowhere was the heterogeneous character of the content of the Summer School more
evident than in the topics covered by the lectures and seminars. This year being
the 2000th anniversary of the death of Virgil we were treated to an opening lecture
and seminar on the great poet by one of this country's leading authorities, Professor
R.D. Williams, who spoke upon the poetic technique of Virgil and the "message" of
the Aeneid. This panoramic view of the poet and the epic was a refreshing and stimulating
change for teachers who generally spend their school-
quot homines, tot interpretationes was the keynote of the literary appreciation seminars
led by Mr.J. G. Randall, who took great delight in unearthing recondite (and occasionally
specious!?) allusions in the poetry of the Augustan age and offering them up for
lively and thought-
Those course members whose interests lay more in the historical than literary field
were well catered for by Professor T.P. Wiseman who gave an absorbing exposition
on Roman Historiography in the 1st Century B.C., reintroducing many of us to names
and works long forgotten since university days; by Professor T .J. Brown who, with
the aid of slides, traced the transmission of Classical texts through Medieval manuscripts
(and left more than one course member wondering how Latin and Greek texts had managed
to survive the stylised illegibility of certain periods!); and by Miss L. Wilson
who, in a beautifully illustrated talk, steered us skilfully through the intricacies
of the family life of the Byzantine rulers (780-
as the widows or mothers of successive emperors struggled to retain power in their own hands (an unexpected blow for Women's Lib!).
Art ,architecture and music were also allotted their places in the lecture list.
In an entertaining and engrossing lecture Dr. J.G. Landels took us on a guided tour
round the fresco in the Villa of the Mysteries. For those of us who have tried to
explain the significance of these wall paintings to pupils it was encouraging to
hear from an expert that the "meaning" of the fresco is still open to many and various
interpretations and is still in fact a "mystery". In addition to this artistic treat,
a feast for ear as well as eye was set before us by one of our own course members
Mlle. V.Vouilloz as she outlined the history of Latin in church music from the 8th-
Finally, less esoteric but extremely informative and useful, was Mr. D. Morton's talk on the revision of the Cambridge Latin Course , when we were not only given a preview of the intended alterations but also a welcome opportunity to voice our own ideas and requests.
While the lecture and seminar programme served to revitalise and extend our own individual
interests in the classical world, the practical day-
In the Modern Greek Circulus a jovial Mr. A.W. Eagling soon had us throwing off all
our inhibitions as he led the group in lusty renderings of modern Greek popular songs
and encouraged us to greet him with traditional salutations, introduce ourselves,
and order typical Greek meals from him. Mr. W. O'Neill in his slide-
Finally a brief word must be said about one of the other principal features of the
Summer School -
Lest any readers should think that the course members devoted themselves tirelessly
and wholly to work, let me assure them that there were also opportunities for relaxation
The atmosphere of the Summer School at all times was friendly and informal (typified by the visiting lecturer who felt so immediately at home that he kicked off his shoes and proceeded to lecture in his stockinged feet!) So well did everyone mix together that even on my second visit to an A.R.LT.Summer School it was not clear to me who were the people "in charge." The fact that the "leader" in a particular activity was very likely to be sitting beside one as a pupil in the next, lent a spirit of camaraderie to the whole proceedings.
For me this was a week when much of value was learned, ideas and experiences were
informally and fruitfully exchanged, and that jaded "end-
My thanks go to all who helped to put on the Summer School and especially to Dr.
I. Gill -
A.R. Hall Boston High School
Favete linguis, o Arelates , ut audiatis haec verba directoris. Sine dubio est mihi res magnae difficultatis ingentisque trepidationis ut hanc orationem suscipiam, sed id nihilominus quam optime perficiam, equidem spero me usque ad f inem dicendi sine ulla interpellatione perventurum esse. (Quam spem!)
Nuptiis igitur regalibus auspicato confectis , incolisque antipodum clava saligna ab anglis funditus iterum superatis, ad collegium Regis Alfredi, Ventae Belgarum situm, congregabatur. Hic ludus aestivus, qui octavus et quinquagensimus esse sine ulla difficultate probari potest , sole vel calidissimo incipiebatur.
Primum doctissimus pro fessor Gulielmi Radingensis 1 nobis de Marone multa et sapientia verba de intentione poetica Aeneidos tradidit. Quod ille (id est Publius Vergilius, non Gulielmi) abhinc duo milia annorum mortuus esse putatur, multi codices Vergiliani quam simillime expressi translationesque vel antiquissimae expositae erant. Tum pro fessor ille, Johanne Randalo adiuvante , de Didone aliisque personis facundissi me disseruit.2
Postero die pro fessor Julianus 3 , calceis propter calorem haud ferendum depositis, multas per picturas vel pulcherrimas demonstravit quomodo codices latini per mille annos multis commutationibus affecti essent: qui vir mehercule eximiae fortitudinis maximaeque sapientiae est qui tam diu sine auxilio notatorum nos delectavit.
Tum Davidus4 nobis narravit de renovatione cursus Cantabrigiensis quae efficiet ut discipuli nostri facili us efficaciusque linguam Latinam discant.
Pauca verba nunc dicam de Clara 5 quae nobis tam diligenter ostendit quomodo discipuli maturi, qui linguam graecam vel omnino ignorent vel minime noverint, verbis eius libenter studioseque audiendis mox Herodotum Aristophanemque legere discere possint.
Johannes, quem supra commemoravi, iterum de Marone quam eruditissime locutus est; nec minima disputatio inde de feminis Vergilianis orsa est. Deinde, post prandium , quamquam calor gravissimus nos opprimebat, per vias Ventae Belgarum ducebamur usque ad nonam horam. Nos omnes ubi defatigati ad collegium revenimus pro fessorem Petrum Sapientem6 de historiographia diserte loquentem audivimus. Necesse erat nobis, valde sitientibus, multum vinum cervisiamque bibere ut ariditatem gutturis vinceremus.
Quid dicam de Veronica Helvetica7, quae maxima cum eruditione nos delectabat? Pro di immortales. Quanto gaudio adflatuque divino affecti picturas pulcherri mas spectabamus musicamque ecclesiasticam audiebamus. Eodem die praeterea nos iterum delectati picturis verbisque Johannis Radingensis 8 , qui multum de flagellatione dicebat sed pudicitiam Arelatium nullo modo offendit. Daemon enim pennatus nihilo crudelius puellam illam tractebat quam angli Australienses clava saligna verberaverant 9 •
Hodie (quam cito dies sunt progressi .....) multum de imperatricibus B yzanti is didicimus, quarum vitia moresque saevi quam peritissime a femina laurigera 10 sunt descripti. Quam crudeles erant illae mulieres, re vera potentiores quam mariti, praecipue cum hi caecati essent.
Multa alia gesta sunt...... ea quae commemorari possint, nunc sequuntur. Cantores cantaverunt, actores egerunt, pictores pinxerunt sed, eheu, coqui non coxerunt. Disputationes saepe de litteris Latinis sunt orsae, sed magister Johannes interdum ab illo altero Johanne nomine arboreo dicto interpellabatur. Lingua Graeca hodierna ingenti cum studio docebatur et cetera fiebant quae propter huius orationis brevitatem commemorare prohibeor.
Postremo ad perorationem advenio. Ludus, qui nunc paene confectus est, mihi quoque multum gaudium attulit. Spero equidem vos, qui Venta Belgarum iam discessuri estis, domum incolumes regressos in mente retenturos aliquid memoria dignum ex hoc ludo aestivo. Vobis omnibus, praecipue magistris qui multum auxilium mihi semper attulerunt, gratias vel maximas ago. Valete.
I.R. Gill , Queen’s College, Taunton
1. Professor R .D. Williams, University of Reading.
2. A seminar on Virgil was conducted jointly by Professor Williams and John Randall.
3. Professor T.J. Brown, University of London , King's College.
4. David Morton, Director since its inception of the Cambridge Schools Classics Project Latin Course.
5. Miss Clare Russel l of Marlborough College, who led the demonstration lessons on the J.A.C.T . Greek Course.
6. Professor T.P. Wiseman, University of Exeter.
7. Mlle. Veronique Voui lloz , who gave an illustrated lecture on the use of Latin in Church Music.
8. Dr.J.G. Landels , University of Reading.
9. A feature of the fresco in the Villa of the Mysteries is a scene depicting the apparent flagellation of a girl by a winged deity .
10. Miss Laurie Wilson, University of Southampton, who gave an illustrated lecture on Byzantine Empresses.
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