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The 49th Summer School was held from August 22nd to 29th and attended by forty participants who enjoyed not only the stimulating lectures and discussions but also the pleasant amenities of the college and the attraction of Lancaster itself.
As usual at the Summer School the greater part of the time was spent in demonstration lessons, reading classes, composition and discussion groups, and these will be summarised first.
There were two groups of demonstration lessons, both being examples of the Oral Method and both with boys from a local boys’ Grammar School.
Mr. A.R.Munday, the Director of the Summer School, taught a group of twenty-
The reading classes this year were all of verse books, including Virgil, Horace, Ovid and Homer, and members of the course welcomed the valuable experience of reading aloud to others and expunging any inaccuracies in pronunciation. The circuli groups discussed Oral Method, Nuffield Latin, Medieval Latin and another practised Literary Criticism. The organisers of the reading classes and circuli groups all deserve the thanks of other members of the School.
For Latin Composition there was the choice of Verse Composition with Mr. J.R.C. Richards and of two Prose groups, the Advanced with Mr. T.W. Melluish, and the less Advanced with Mr. W.G. Boyd; great was the enjoyment to be had in disputing the exact meaning of many words and phrases. Another Latin author was discussed in great depth by Mr. F.R. Dale who gave a series of four talks On Lucretius; everyone who attended could only but hope that they might acquire half of Mr. Dale’s expert knowledge and faculty of translation.
Important as the already-
On the second day of the course, Dr. G. Morton of Texas University gave an interesting but frightening account of “Classics in the Secondary School in Texas.” Each student only studies five subjects in any one half-
A lecture on “St. Augustine the Educationalist” was given by Mr. G.J.P. O’Daly of Lancaster University. He recounted the life of Augustine until he became Professor of rhetoric at Milan: then his complete adoption of Christianity and eventual return to Africa as Bishop of Hippo where he established his colleges. He was not an educational reformer but retained the older style of education with the introduction of the writings of the Apostles into the curriculum in the place of some classical authors. Although the schools flourished in his lifetime, they did not survive his death.
A second lecturer from Lancaster University was Professor M.M. Willcock, who spoke about “Plautus and his Greek originals.”
Two lecturers dealt with the place of Classics in Comprehensive Schools: Miss J.S. Wrathall, of Westwood School, Leek, described how her school had gone comprehensive in six months and how, by trial and error, she and the other Classics teachers had had to abandon the traditional methods of Latin teaching, introduce a Classical Studies course for the first and second year pupils, abandon examinations for those years and adopt the Cambridge Latin Course in the third year. Furthermore so great was demand that a more detailed Classical Studies course had to be provided in the third year and beyond. Also Classics has now joined History and R.E. to become a Humanities Course using myths of other nations beside the Greek and Roman ones.
On the following day Mr. J.E. Hunt of Westfield School, Sheffield, described how his school became comprehensive in 1967.
There had been a decline in Classics until Mr. Hunt decided to teach Greek rather than Latin as the first Classical language, partly as being more enjoyable language, but mainly because Greek literature for the pre-
On the final day of the course, a discussion was held on the Cambridge Latin Course and on the Scottish equivalent "Ecce Romani". Criticisms of the former were made but it was generally held to be a success. "Ecce Romani" is even newer but seemed to be enjoyed by everyone using it.
Four other activities still deserve mention; in the afternoons Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Hunt gave demonstrations of the use of classroom drama. On the Sunday, although no formal coach excusion was arranged, some course members went by car to Ravenglass and Hardknott, while others were shown around Lancaster University by Professor Willcock. On the Saturday evening the Association Dinner and A.G.M. took place, and on the last evening there was the traditional Oratio Valedictoria and Entertainment, including a radio adaptation of some Plautus, some classroom drama, singing and musical items.
Finally our thanks must go to Mr. Munday and Mrs. Gravett for all their hard work in making the various arrangements for the Summer School, but also a note of regret so few people attended. It is to be hoped more teachers will attend the Fiftieth Summer School next year at Twickenham.
O Arelates, commilitiones mei, haud dubitari potest quin multa et varia sint officia Directoris vestri, alia difficilia, facilia alia, dulcia, iucunda. Nunc tamen -
Mea quidem sententia -
Sed quid primum advenientes vidimus? Ad portam, nonne?, Titulum magnum duobus modo verbis inscriptum “Consistite! Quaestiones!” (Anglice “ Halt! Enquiries”) vel fortasse dicit “Desistite quaestiones rogare!” Sed his diebus nil aliud fecimus nisi quaestiones rogamus. Prima enim nocte aliquis scribam nostram -
Quid aliud hic primum invenimus? Ubi sumus? Ubi situm est hoc collegium? Nempe in via nominata Golgotha, in qua stat inscriptio “Hac via uno solum modo!” -
Sed multa, vel potius, permulta his paucis solum diebus acciderunt, multa nova, multa antiquitus in his ludis aestivis facta. Oratores multos hoc anno auscultavimus, qui, ut equidem reor, nos varias ob causas etiam plus nos oblectaverunt nobisque placuerunt quam in ullo alio huiusmodi ludo. Primus Er-
Professor ille Talassimus (Anglice “Morgan”), quem ex universitate Americana ad nos unum modo annum reversum laeti vidimus, multa nos in callidissima, facetissima, horrificendissima oratione docuit de rebus Americanis, quae fortasse mox trans mare current. Ab Elysio , ut ita dicam, ad Gehenna vel Tartarum fortasse in eo est ut mox veniamus.
Et rhetorem O’Dalium (“O’Daly”) audivimus, qui non solum de Sancto Augustino nobis orationem habuit sed etiam usque ad multam noctem nobiscum saltantibus bibentibusque saltans ipse bibensque mansit. Postridie eius die Prefessorem auscultavimus Universitatis Lancastrensis -
Magistrum magistramque quoque ex ludis Comprehensivis multa cum gratia audivimus summo impetu, ardore summo ac vigore praeditos qui deludis suis et de rebus Classicis et de lingua Graeca callidissime erudienda docendaque nobis disseruerunt. O si sic omnes! Utinam omnes tali ardore discipulos docerent.
Sed ne longius eloquar, multa sunt mihi praetereunda. Magistrum tamen Gravidum ter subtiliter callideque, callidius, callidissime pueros docentem spectavimus, et Gifantem, iuvenem, leones, catulosque et milites armatos admirati sumus. Directorem vestrum quinquiens docentem vel docere conantem spectavistis -
Ne plura dicam, circuli circumierunt, lectores legerunt, scriptores poemata et prosas scripserunt, quorum nonnulli, ut audio, multa de testa exercitus (Gallice “tete d’armee”) Napoleonis audiverunt. Et praeterea, Dalius noster, “cui , ut semper, nova est canities, cui prima et recta senectus”, quemque summi honoris causa nomino, quarter nobis de Lucretio illo disseruit -
Heri quoque carmina alia antiqua cantavimus, nova alia et Dalius et Didymus noster dulcibus vocibus nobis cicinere. Nempe de bubone et cuculo cecinimus et casu quodam eadem nocte bubonem in arbore sedentem vidimus. Ubi erat cuclus? Fortasse in lecto bubonis! Duas quoque columbas vidimus osculantes !
Quam felices fuimus nos qui hos sex dies talibus in aedibus, omnibus commodis modernis aptis, habitavimus. Nescio quare semper aquam superfluentem audiam, plus aquae in dies -
Mea quidem parte valde laetatus sum hoc collegium aediculam sanctam tam pulchram habere ut illimagistri nostri arte musicali bene praediti eadem arte aures nostras delectaverunt. Quam felices fuimus, qui cenam sanctam in eadem aedicula a Finito nostro celebratam cenavimus. Quam laeti non solum Dalium sed etiam infantem Venatoris Venatricisque (Anglice “Hunt”) et pulcherrimam et optimam -
Sed iam satis dixi. His quidem temporibus, O Arelates, difficilius in annos, vel paene in dies fit, ut opinor, humanitatem nostram nobis a Romanis Graecisque per saecula multa traditam et servare et posteritati deinceps tradere. Attamen non nobis est desperandum. Gaudeo equidem quod tot talesque magistri ad ludos aestivos societatis uno quoque anno convenire volunt. Dum stat societas nostra, ruat caelum! Hoc mihi maximo est solacio. Vivat floreatque societas nostra in aeternum!
Itaque nunc mihi invito necesse est, iam tandem, usque in proximum annum vobis omnibus dicere “VALETE”.
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